Breast ultrasound

Breast ultrasound - Mammogram

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Breast ultrasound is a non-invasive examination usually lasting no more than a dozen minutes. It uses ultrasounds to determine the condition of the mammary glands. The imaging can be done at any time in your menstrual cycle. It is very important, because it allows to detect breast cancer at an early stage and therefore quickly start effective treatment. A mammogram is also a screening test but it uses X-ray rather than ultrasound.


When is breast ultrasound done?


At present, there are no clear guidelines to determine exactly when and how often to do a breast ultrasound. Nevertheless, many doctors agree that the first ultrasound scanning should be performed for women aged between 20 and 30 in 12-month intervals. It is also extremely important to regularly self-examine your breasts. If you detect any abnormality, you should make an appointment with a doctor who performs breast ultrasound or one who will issue a referral. Keep in mind that breasts have a lumpy structure, which means that you may feel some slight thickenings. They can be confusing and cause anxiety, especially if you do not have experience with breast self-exams.


Many women wonder if breast ultrasound is safe during pregnancy or breastfeeding. Until recently it was suggested ultrasound imaging was unnecessary under these circumstances, but the latest guidelines of scientific societies, i.e. Polish Society of Oncological Surgery and Polish Society of Gynaecology and Obstetrics indicate otherwise. According to expert guidelines breast ultrasound should be done in the first trimester in pregnant women aged more than 35. Ultrasound imaging should also be considered in women aged less than the indicated limit (in the first or second trimester). Breast ultrasound, regardless of the duration of pregnancy, is necessary if a tumor, swelling or redness were observed. 


In most cases, breast ultrasound is performed in women, although it can be occasionally done in men. An indication for this test involves gynecomastia, i.e. hypertrophy of the mammary gland or presence of a tumor in the nipple area.


Preparing for breast ultrasound


Breast ultrasound does not require any special preparation. If you’ve done it before, remember to take your previous test results, because they will give the doctor a broader picture of what they’re seeing.


For some women the exam can feel a bit awkward, because they need to undress from the waist up. However, it's worth overcoming fear and testing yourself regularly to make sure you're okay.


Breast ultrasound is non-invasive and does not cause any pain. It is usually performed with patient lying on her back and takes on average 15 minutes. During the exam your doctor will examine both breasts, as well as your armpits with their lymph nodes. If the examination does not reveal any abnormalities, your doctor will only indicate the time for the next visit. Otherwise, the next step will be to take a tissue sample, i.e. perform a biopsy. Further measures will depend on the biopsy results.


Who should do a mammogram?


Another important diagnostic test in the context of breast health is mammography, which uses X-rays. This test is recommended mainly for women aged 40+. Older patients have smaller glands and more adipose tissue, so X-rays do a better job with imaging in this case. A mammogram detects even small lesions, reveals the tumor shape and allows to detect micro-calcifications. During this test you will have to place each breast one after the other on a tray with a detector (it is pressed from above with a compression plate). A mammogram may cause slight pain or discomfort, but it does not last long. It is recommended not to use deodorants or body lotions on the day of the exam because they cause artifacts.

Breast ultrasound - Mammogram - Price

Treatment: Price from: Price to:
1 Abdominal ultrasound 200 PLN
2 Breast ultrasound 250 PLN
3 Biopsy 400 PLN

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